"The wakeful shepherd beholds the first faint morning beams, ere cometh the full radiance of a risen day. So shone the pale star to the prophet-shepherds; yet it traversed the night, and came where, in cradled obscurity, lay the Bethlehem babe, the human herald of Christ, Truth, who would make plain to benighted understanding the way of salvation through Christ Jesus, till across a night of error should dawn the morning beams and shine the guiding star of being."You can learn more about the Christ-presence in Eddy's book which can be read online, purchased from major booksellers, or read, borrowed or purchased at a Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Saturday, December 7, 2019
Sunday, October 20, 2019
I was angry! The teaching assistant (TA) in my digital electronics lab had refused to pass my project because of what I considered to be an obscure flaw in its operation. This TA had a reputation for being persnickety and hard-nosed. Many of the students in the class (including me) avoided her and made it our strategy to take our work for approval to other TAs who seemed to be more lenient and supportive. However, this TA had been the only one in the lab that day and I had been certain my work was correct.
As I walked home stewing about this, I began to see the situation from a new perspective. I didn't want to produce imperfect or inferior products in my career, nor did I want to be sloppy or lazy about my work. This TA was training me to exercise care and strive for perfection. I realized that rather than being at odds with each other, we shared the same underlying motivation - the divine impulse to do right and good in everything we did. This benevolent divine influence is present in everyone, even when it seems hidden and we seem to be working in opposite directions. My anger was extinguished by this insight and I was able to figure out how to modify my project to work correctly. The next day, I took my work back to the same TA and it was approved. From then on, I appreciated this TA and did not avoid having her inspect my work. At the end of the year, when I turned in my final project, she approved it without examining it and explained: "I don't need to check your work, because you wouldn't turn it in unless it was well done."
This turn-around in our relationship is explained by a statement from the book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy. Eddy wrote:
"When we realize that there is one Mind, the divine law of loving our neighbor as ourselves is unfolded; whereas a belief in many ruling minds hinders man's normal drift towards the one Mind, on God, and leads human thought into opposite channels where selfishness reigns."You can learn more loving those that seem to oppose you in Eddy's book. Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures can be read online, purchased from major booksellers, or read, borrowed or purchased it at a local Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Sunday, September 22, 2019
Recently, I was bicycling in the mountains of Colorado. The very first part of the ride involved a long downhill and then another steep curvy hill. I became concerned because I would be riding for several hours and I wasn't looking forward to the return ride back up these two hills at the end of the trip. As I started to appreciate how absolutely beautiful the scenery was on this ride, my thought turned to a statement by the writer and Christian healer, Mary Baker Eddy. In her book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, she states:
"Consciousness constructs a better body when faith in matter has been conquered."I began to challenge myself about what was in my consciousness. Was I thinking that my body was getting older and thus not able to make this return climb? Was I already concluding that I would be too tired to finish this ride? What became clear to me was that my fear was based on my thinking that I had this material body that might not be up to the challenge.
As I became more inspired by the beauty around me, I started to think more deeply about another statement in Eddy's book:
"There is no life, truth, intelligence, nor substance in matter. All is infinite Mind and its infinite manifestation, for God is All-in-all."I felt invigorated by the idea that matter was not the substance of my being. My consciousness became filled with the presence of God, good, not with fear or anxiousness. What was totally surprising to me was how easily the end of the bicycle ride was. In fact, I couldn't believe that I was at the top of the last hill because it had just been an enjoyable, easy climb!
You too can construct a better body by conquering faith in matter! Read Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it at major book sellers. You can also read, borrow or purchase the book at the Christian Science Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado.
Sunday, September 1, 2019
Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, a book written by Christian healer, Mary Baker Eddy, contains this remarkable statement:
"In proportion as matter loses to human sense all entity as man, in that proportion does man become its master."Could this be true? My experience has convinced me that it is! To give one example: One time while camping in the Trinity Alps of California, I was digging a latrine for our campsite and, foolishly, I was wearing only sandals. In my carelessness, I struck one of my big toes with the spade I was digging with. As you might think, the pain was extreme and the evidence of injury convincing. But just previous to this incident, I had been contemplating the above statement by Eddy. As I turned my thoughts to what Science and Health explains is the real entity of man - spiritual, made in God's image and likeness - the pain and bleeding completely ceased. I found that I could walk freely and the next day I easily hiked several rugged miles to a beautiful, remote waterfall.
You can find out more about the real entity of man by reading Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. The book can be read online, purchased from major booksellers, or read, borrowed or purchased at a Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Sunday, August 4, 2019
"'Let there be light,' is the perpetual demand of Truth and Love changing chaos into order and discord into the music of the spheres" - from Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker EddyDownload this inspirational wallpaper! Simply right-click on one of these images and save it to your device. Then google directions for "how to add wallpaper" for your particular device. The image above will work for tablets. The image below is suitable for laptops and desktop computers.
Friday, July 12, 2019
The red flashing light on the pump controller for my home water well appeared to indicate trouble. I had no idea what the problem was - a jammed impeller?, a pump failure?, a dry well? I read the controller manual and searched for information online, but found no real clues. It was Sunday, so I would have to conserve water and wait until Monday morning to call a repair man.
Happily, I never had to call! I start each day by communing with God - praying, acknowledging God's wisdom, and feeling God's presence and love. As I did this early Monday morning, an explanation for the controller light came spontaneously to my thought. There was no problem - this was part of the normal operation of the system and I understood the reason for it. Everything was fine.
Such experiences as this may seem insignificant, but to me they are evidence of a fundamental truth about God and our relationship to God. Mary Baker Eddy explains in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures:
"... God knows our need before we tell Him or our fellow-beings about it."The key is being receptive to and recognizing what God is telling us. My quiet morning prayer had accomplished this without my specifically asking God for help!
To learn more about God and how to listen for what God is telling you, read or listen to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at any Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Friday, June 28, 2019
We were backpacking in a wilderness in the Colorado mountains and were miles from a road. Although it was late May, as it grew late in the day we found ourselves in an area covered by deep snow - and it was snowing! However, I wasn't worried. The Bible contains many examples of God providing for man's needs and these examples are relevant to us today. Referring to the Biblical experience of the Children of Israel in the wilderness, Mary Baker Eddy comments in her book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures:
"There is today danger of repeating the offense of the Jews by limiting the Holy One of Israel and asking: 'Can God furnish a table in the wilderness?' What cannot God do?"Through my study of the Bible and the spiritual insights about it's stories that I've gained from reading Eddy's book, I've come to trust that God can do anything - even furnish a table in the wilderness. As we looked around for a suitable place to camp, we came across a sign that said "Shelter". Walking a short distance in the direction the sign pointed, we found, not just a table in the wilderness, but an entire shelter with walls and a roof! Thank you, God!
Do you want to find out more about how God provides for your needs? You can read or listen to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it from major booksellers. The book can also be read, borrowed or purchased at any Christian Science Reading Room, including the one in Evergreen, Colorado at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Friday, June 14, 2019
We were collecting oriented samples of coal for a scientific study. To mark the top of the sample, we sprayed it with paint from a spray can. I was wrapping samples in the truck when I looked up and saw my two colleagues by the coal bed looking at the ground. They said the nozzle of the spray can had fallen off into a large pile of coal. The nozzle was very small and black. We could not spray the paint without it. What to do?
I had been reading the book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy. In this book, Eddy explains an important concept about God – that God is the only Mind, the all-knowing intelligence of the universe. She writes:
“The spiritually unscientific definition of mind is based on the evidence of the physical senses, which makes minds many and calls mind both human and divine. In Science, Mind is one, including noumenon and phenomena, God and His thoughts.”It was very clear to me that nothing could be lost to the all-knowing and ever-present Mind. God knew where everything was at every moment and since man (me) was the thought of God, I could know where the nozzle was. I then looked at the ground where my colleagues stood. Without even stooping I spotted the black nozzle!
Want to learn more about the one Mind? You can read or listen to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it from major booksellers. You can also read, borrow, or purchase this book from any Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Thursday, May 30, 2019
We all recognize that thought influences and directs our own and others actions. Did you know that there is more than human thought at work and that we can turn to for direction? Mary Baker Eddy, a Christian writer and healer, explained that there is a divine influence on thought which, when recognized and acknowledged, leads to healing and resolution. In her book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, she describes this phenomenon as:
"...a divine influence ever present in human consciousness and repeating itself, coming now as was promised aforetime, 'To preach deliverance to the captives [of sense], And recovering of sight to the blind, To set at liberty them that are bruised.'"
I experienced this divine influence in thought when I was coaching a middle-school soccer team. At one practice a player accidentally kicked a teammate and a fight broke out between the two players. I separated them, telling one to go sit on the bench while I tried to calm the other. This boy was so angry I had to physically restrain him from going after his teammate. I gave him the usual coaching talk of how it was an accident and that we had to get along with our teammates, etc, etc. This did not calm the situation at all. The player kept struggling and saying “I want to fight him!”
Then, I remembered Eddy's statement about the divine influence ever present in human consciousness. Simply by acknowledging this influence, I found myself saying to the player, “I know you’re brave enough to fight him. But I think that you are even braver than that. I think that you are brave enough to walk over to him, shake his hand, and tell him that you are sorry that this incident occurred.” At this point, the influence of the divine thought on this boy became apparent as well. He stopped struggling, looked at me in surprise, and then walked over and did just as I suggested. The incident was over.
You can learn more about this divine influence on thought in Eddy's book. Read or listen to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it at major booksellers. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at any Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Thursday, May 9, 2019
We most often think of prayer as a moment of humble listening for guidance or a request for some sort of help. I was roused the other day with this additional idea of prayer from the book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. Its author, Mary Baker Eddy, refers to Jesus’ prayer as “deep and conscientious protests of truth — of man's likeness to God and of man's unity with Truth and Love.” Elsewhere she says to “rise in rebellion” against symptoms of disease and discord rather than submit outright to them. This is a bold sense of prayer but one rooted in God, as all-powerful, all-loving, ever-present. We have authority to claim and assert our spiritual whole, healthy, and pure nature as a result.
This sense of protest became practical to me after a couple of hard falls during a Nordic ski lesson. Although I bounced up after each fall, the next few days I was feeling the aftermath of aches and pains. I thought about praying as a “protest” rather than just tolerate, cope, or submit to the pain. From a spiritual point of view, I had a right to feel and experience my God-given spiritual “likeness”. The aches and pains left as I went forward with this stance. I saw too, in the process, that this sort of prayer was not merely a naive or hapless denial—or some sort of psychological maneuvering---but rather a realization of spiritual truth and its workings as laid out in Science and Health.
To learn more about how you can protest in prayer, read or listen to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at any Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Thursday, April 25, 2019
One of the well-known instructions in The Bible is to "love your neighbor as yourself". This is often easier said than done, especially if we think of our "neighbor" in broad terms as all of our fellow men. Many of our neighbors can seem quite unlovable! How are we to obey this command?
Mary Baker Eddy, a Christian author and healer, shed some light on this topic in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures where she wrote:
"To love one's neighbor as one's self, is a divine idea, but this idea can never be seen, felt, nor understood through the physical senses."
"When we realize that there is one Mind, the divine law of loving our neighbor as ourselves is unfolded;..."
In this second statement, "Mind" is a synonym that Eddy uses for God to convey the intelligence and wisdom inherent in God's creating and governing activity. As I've studied Eddy's book, I've come to understand that this command is not about how much to love your neighbor (e.g. as much as you love yourself), but how and why to love your neighbor - as yourself because you are closely related through your relationship with God. To the physical senses, we are all individual beings that are often in conflict, but to spiritual sense we are all ideas of God made, as The Bible says, "in His image and likeness." Remembering this fact, even if we can't seem to discern it at the moment through the physical senses, enables us to follow The Bible's instruction and genuinely love others.
Recently, I was standing in a crowd at an airport baggage carousel waiting for my luggage. The lady next to me had a backpack on and was speaking a foreign language to her companion. She had her back toward me and, oblivious to my presence, kept swinging her backpack into me. Because of the physical sense evidence - I couldn't understand her words or see her face and I was getting pushed aside - I didn't at first feel much love toward her. But remembering the spiritual meaning behind this biblical command, my heart embraced her as a fellow idea of God. Just then her bag came along the carousel, but because of it's size and weight she was unable to lift it off. I instinctively grabbed it and placed it by her. She turned, smiled, and thanked me appreciatively. The mutual love of one neighbor to another was outwardly expressed!
You can learn more about the spiritual basis for loving your neighbor from Eddy's book. Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures can be read online, purchased at major book sellers, or read, borrowed, or purchased at the Christian Science Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado.
Thursday, April 11, 2019
I was recently on a cruise in the Galapagos Islands when my tooth began aching. The next day it was worse. This didn't seem to be going well and there was no way to visit a dentist. What could I do?
I've learned from reading the book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures by Mary Baker Eddy, that the evidence presented to us by the material senses (in this case my tooth) can yield to a spiritual sense of God's goodness that is ever at hand. Eddy writes:
"When the evidence before the material sense yielded to spiritual sense, the apostle declared that nothing could alienate him from God, from the sweet sense and presence of Life and Truth."I made it a point every time my attention was drawn to my toothache, to counter this evidence of material sense with a spiritual fact that I had learned about God and man from Eddy's book. Soon the toothache ceased and I had no further problems the rest of the trip.
God's goodness can be discerned and experienced by anyone. You can develop your spiritual sense of this goodness by reading Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. The book can be read online or purchased from major booksellers. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at the Christian Science Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado.
Friday, March 22, 2019
How can one pray effectively for others? Mary Baker Eddy, a Christian healer, wrote in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures:
“... be thoroughly persuaded in your own mind concerning the truth which you think or speak, and you will be the victor.”
The thoughts that were coming to me at that moment to pray about were 1) that help was very far away and 2) that life was threatened. The truths I countered these fears with were 1) that God is a very present help in trouble and 2) that, as the Bible says, God is Life. God and God’s creation certainly couldn’t be threatened. I contemplated these ideas until I felt “thoroughly persuaded in my own mind” of their truth and was at peace about the situation.
In the meantime, while I was praying in this way, the plane was making an emergency landing. When we got to the terminal, I saw the physician and a woman get up from seats about 8 rows in front of me and leave the plane. Shortly thereafter, the physician returned to his original seat behind me and we took off.
After we were in the air again, the flight attendant returned and asked the physician, “What was the problem?” “I don’t know”, he replied. He then explained that when he got to her, the woman was unconscious, not breathing, and had no pulse or blood pressure. “But then”, he said, “it was like a switch was flipped – she regained consciousness and all her signs were normal! She will be fine!”
Do you want to add your prayerful support to situations? Learn and be thoroughly persuaded of spiritual truths from Eddy’s book, Science and Health with key to the Scriptures. You can read this book online or read, borrow, or purchase this book at any Christian Science Reading Room, including the one in Evergreen, Colorado.
Friday, February 22, 2019
“Who dares to doubt this consummate test of the power and willingness of divine Mind to hold man forever intact in his perfect state, and to govern man’s entire action?”For several days, I had been contemplating the above statement by the Christian writer, Mary Baker Eddy in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures. She made the statement in reference to the Bible account of Jesus raising Lazarus from the dead (John, Chapter 11), but her point is that the divine Mind (her name for God) forever maintains all of us under divine government and care. Later that day, I experienced for myself the divine Mind’s power and willingness to hold us intact in our perfect state and govern our entire action.
My wife and I were driving on a 4-lane, undivided highway. It was snowing and the road was covered with a thin layer of wet, heavy snow. As I was passing a truck, our car suddenly started drifting to the right and it appeared that we would strike the side of the truck. My wife shouted, “God is our Life!” This was her way of reminding us of this idea that we are always under God's care. I appreciated her immediately bringing this truth to focus in our thought. I calmly steered to correct the car's movement, but then the car started sliding the other direction, to the left. A truck was coming toward us in that lane! I corrected the steering again. We passed safely between the two trucks, regained control of the car, and proceeded on down the highway. I have no doubt of the power and willingness of God to hold us forever intact and to govern our entire action!
You can learn more about God and how to experience God's care in your life. Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures can be read online or purchased from major booksellers. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at any Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen, Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Friday, February 8, 2019
Is prayer a dependable form of protection? It is if you pray correctly! Mary Baker Eddy, a Christian healer and author, wrote in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures:
“The prayer that reforms the sinner and heals the sick is an absolute faith that all things are possible to God — a spiritual understanding of Him, an unselfed love."“But”, you say, “How do I develop an absolute faith in God?” Is it simply blind faith? No! - look carefully at Eddy’s statement. The long dash (also called an Em dash) after “God”, indicates that an amplification or explanation follows. So an absolute faith in God isn’t a blind faith, it’s a faith based on two things: a spiritual understanding of God and an unselfed love.
You can learn more about a spiritual understanding God and unselfed love in Eddy’s book. Read or listen to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it from any major bookseller. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at any Christian Science Reading Room. The Reading Room in Evergreen Colorado is located at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Thursday, February 7, 2019
"Self-forgetfulness, purity, and affection are constant prayers. Practice not profession, understanding not belief, gain the ear and right hand of omnipotence and they assuredly call down infinite blessings."I decided to focus on self-forgetfulness - to understand what this meant and to put it into practice. The human ego can have a hard time "forgetting" itself and putting others first, but from reading Eddy's book I had a higher sense of what it meant to be self-forgetful. It wasn't about my human ego struggling to be meek in the presence of another human ego. Self-forgetfulness meant putting aside the whole notion that we are separate mortal individuals with competing egos and goals for the concept that we are spiritual ideas created by the one divine Mind, a.k.a. God and flowing harmoniously together through life like water in a river.
There were a few occasions during the three days that I had to remind myself to be self-forgetful, but each time I did the task became easier and the entire event went smoothly and happily for everyone involved.
Want to learn more about forgetting the mortal self and your real spiritual self? You can read or listen to Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it from major book sellers. If you live near Evergreen, Colorado, you can read, borrow, or purchase this book at the Christian Science Reading Room at 4602 Plettner Lane.
Thursday, January 24, 2019
"The exterminator of error is the great truth that God, good, is the only Mind, and that the supposititious opposite of infinite Mind - called devil or evil - is not Mind, is not Truth, but error, without intelligence or reality."Although this spiritual truth may seem nice, but unrelatable to our human situation, in my experience I found that it is a basis for prayer that yields practical results. To give one example, I was once on a committee to select a contractor to do some work for several government agencies. The members of the committee had diverse opinions of who and what was needed. Just prior to our final meeting to select a contractor, I took some time to pray for our work. Considering Eddy's statement, I affirmed that all members of the committee were governed by this one divine Mind. This gave me a sense of peace about our meeting. As we gathered to make our decision, there seemed to be tension and committee members were joking about needing baseball bats. However, one person suggested that before we have any discussion, we take a secret vote and list our top choice. To everyone's surprise, we voted unanimously for the same contractor. The meeting was over in record time!
Let's join in our prayers and affirm this great truth that God, good is the only Mind. It can have a healing effect!
You can read more healing ideas in Eddy's book. You can read Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it at major book sellers. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at the Christian Science Reading Room at 4602 Plettner Lane in Evergreen, Colorado.
Friday, January 11, 2019
I walked to the other side of the room to clear my thought and listen for inspiration. We had been working on various aspects of this project for almost a year and had overcome many obstacles. I was in the habit of turning to prayer for guidance and each time there had been a challenge it had been overcome. As I thought about these experiences and the good this computer system was intended to accomplish, I felt a calm trust that God, Good wouldn’t bring the project this far and then abandon it. My recognition that harmonious progress was a natural part of life, assured me that somehow, someway, we would be led to overcome this challenge.
At that point, I looked down at the printer I was standing by. The printer, one of the only devices the computer would communicate with, had been spewing out paper for several minutes. As I looked down I saw that the page emerging from the printer had a large heading: “Important – Read This”. Following the heading was a single sentence that explained that due to an engineering change, we needed to issue a specific command to activate the circuit board in the computer that would communicate with the network. This page was quickly buried by additional sheets of paper coming out of the printer, but we had our answer! We were able to move forward and the system was operational on time!
Mary Baker Eddy, a Christian healer and writer pointed out the power in having a calm recognition of the naturalness of good. In her book, Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, she writes:
“Let neither fear nor doubt overshadow your clear sense and calm trust, that the recognition of life harmonious- as Life eternally is- can destroy any painful sense of, or belief in, that which Life is not.”In this sentence, “Life” with a capital “L” is a name Eddy uses for God. You can learn more about recognizing harmonious life and developing a calm trust in Life from Eddy’s book. It can be read online, purchased through Amazon, or read, borrowed or purchased from the Christian Science Reading Room at 4602 Plettner Lane in Evergreen, Colorado.
Saturday, December 22, 2018
At Christmas time, we sing carols about angels, decorate our trees with them, see them depicted in movies, and, most importantly, read about them in the Christmas story in the Bible. The Bible says that shepherds were keeping watch over their flocks at night when an angel appeared and told them about the birth of Jesus taking place in the nearby village of Bethlehem.
What exactly are angels? Mary Baker Eddy, a Christian leader and healer, wrote the following about angels in her book Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures:
"Angels are not etherealized human beings, evolving animal qualities in their wings; but they are celestial visitants, flying on spiritual, not material pinions. Angels are pure thoughts from God, winged with Truth and Love, no matter what their individualism may be."Can we expect to encounter angels in our own experience? Where and how?
I encountered an angel once when I was praying quietly before an ice hockey game. A voice said to me "Wear your throat guard." I was startled! Looking around, I didn't see anyone! However, I had heard the voice so clearly that even though I had not worn my throat guard for many seasons of play, I dug deep into my equipment bag, found the guard and put it on. Later, during that game, I was in a collision so violent that the face shield on my helmet was broken off and thrust into my throat. Although shaken, I was unhurt... and grateful for the angel message that I had received before the game!
You can learn more about the angel thoughts that God sends us in Eddy's book. Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures can be read, listened to, or purchased online. You can also read, borrow or purchase the book at the Christian Science Reading Room, 4602 Plettner Lane in Evergreen, Colorado.
Thursday, December 13, 2018
“God is Mind, and God is infinite; hence all is Mind”"Everything must be known to the Mind that is God", I reasoned. This seemed logical and certain. As I contemplated this, I looked at the floor in my closet and saw my keys. I had looked repeatedly in the closet, but this time my eyes focused on this one specific spot! The Mind that is God had directed me where to look!
To learn more about God as Mind you can read Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures online or purchase it from major booksellers. You can also read, borrow, or purchase the book at the Christian Science Reading Room at 4602 Plettner Lane in Evergreen, Colorado.